From Athens-Banner Herald
Recent storms and heavy winds claimed another tree victim: a 150-year-old Southern Red Oak on the campus of Piedmont Athens Regional Medical Center.
The nearly 100-foot tall tree was removed Monday after suffering a large, vertical split following a series of severe storms over Independence Day weekend. Those storms felled dozens of other trees and left nearly 20,000 residents without power in Athens.
“This tree was a great addition to Piedmont Athens Regional’s campus, and we wouldn’t have cut the tree down if it hadn’t been so compromised by the storm and such a danger to our patients, visitors and staff,” said Mike Carithers, Piedmont Athens Regional engineering manager.
Carithers added that removal was not the hospital’s first choice; several attempts were made to save the damaged tree.
“After having several arborists and tree removal companies in the Athens area come to inspect the tree, as well as having some of the tree’s limbs removed and attempting to pin the tree’s split together, it was determined that the tree could not be saved,” Carithers said about the oak that predates the founding of the hospital. “Piedmont Athens Regional made the decision to remove the tree for the hospital and community’s safety.”
The Athens-based New Urban Forestry removed the tree after the other options were exhausted.
“It’s frustrating losing an historic tree like this in a storm. Arborists like to think they can prevent these kinds of things,” said Art Morris, a master arborist and the general manager of New Urban Forestry. “But in this case, removal was really our only option.”
The removal process was a highly-synchronized job that required a team of six men and two cranes.
Starting at the top of the tree, two tree-trimmers dismantled the tree limb-by-limb. A large crane was on hand to slowly lower the branches to the ground, where other crewmen were waiting to feed them into a wood chipper.
“We often use cranes to aid the process, not only for reasons of low impact to the surroundings and structures, but also for safety and efficiency,” said New Urban Forestry co-owner Shawn Doonan.
He added that, ultimately, it was a defect in the tree that led to its downfall.
“A hundred and 40 years ago, it would have been a good idea to do a structure improvement on the tree,” Doonan said. “But it’s much too late for that now, unfortunately.”
A new tree will be planted to replace the old giant, Carithers said.
Water Oaks have long been one of the most dominant tree species in Athens which is attributable to its prolific acorn production, rapid growth rate, and adaptability to poor growing conditions. Aggressive planting programs in the first two decades of the 20th century also helped Water Oaks establish a firm place in the Athens Urban landscape.
Water Oak is located in Wilcox Triangle in Five Points in Athens. Wilcox Triangle is a small park area that New Urban Forestry adopted — we help care for the trees in this green space.
Another view of the Wilcox Triangle Water Oak. While it is not a Champion Tree, it is one of the larger Water Oaks in the county.
Time to look up! The trees are starting to bloom. While the temperature may currently be a bit chillier than we’ve seen this winter, spring is on it’s way, we promise. The first day of spring is officially next Monday, March 20th. We have already seen the first bud break on many of the trees in the area due to an unseasonably warm winter. That means your trees are trying to get your attention!
As the leaves and flowers emerge, now is the perfect time to look closely at your trees. Make sure to take note of any branches where the buds aren’t keeping up with the rest of the tree. Does your redbud look different from your neighbors? Have you failed to see blooms on previously healthy trees? Keep in mind that different species bud at different times.
Now is also a good time to look for insects or pests that weren’t affected by the winter (or lack thereof) conditions. Make sure to notice if there is any leaf discoloration as they peak out. Also, take note of any wounds or cankers on the bark.
Congratulations to Aaron Byer for passing the rigorous International Society of Arboriculture certified arborist exam. He joins 3 other full-time certified arborists on staff at New Urban Forestry. Aaron started professionally climbing trees in 2011 and has previously worked for companies all over the Southeast, including Davey Tree in Greensboro, North Carolina. He has been with New Urban Forestry for just over one year. He is currently a sales arborist, so make sure to congratulate him when he comes to look at your trees.
By Jessie McClellan
A historic cemetery sits just on the edge of the campus of The University of Georgia with an entrance across from Sanford Stadium. Tucked away, many drive past daily without ever having stepped foot in this park-like resting place. The Oconee Hill Cemetery was added to the National Register of Historic Places List in 2013 in the areas of Architecture, Art, Landscape Architecture, Community Planning and Development, Ethnic Heritage: Black, Ethnic Heritage: Jewish, Engineering, and remains a grand example of the landscape architecture style of the 19th century.
The land for Oconee Hill Cemetery was purchased in 1855, complete with many graves that predate the opening of the cemetery. Gravesites were created across the campus before the opening, which highlighted the need for a public cemetery. The original 17 acres were purchased for $1000, but the site quickly expanded in 1898 to include an additional 82 acres. Many notable people are interred at Oconee Hill, including several former UGA presidents, governors, aviation pioneer Ben Epps, and Ricky Wilson, guitarist of the B-52’s.
One of the notable features of the cemetery is the landscape architecture, as recognized in the National Register. It was originally designed by a member of the UGA faculty, James Camak, and features a park-like setting that is reminiscent of botanical gardens and arboretums. Oconee Hill’s architecture demonstrates styles consistent with the features of the Rural Cemetery Movement of the time. Unfortunately, little has been done over the years to preserve the trees and landscape.
A group of community members formed the Friends of the Oconee Hill Cemetery in 1999. One of their major accomplishments, among many others, includes acquiring federal grant funding from the Historic Preservation Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources (with the help of Athens-Clarke County) for the management of the trees on the property. This grant funding, which is matched by donations by the friends group and others, will allow for Phase Two of a project to preserve and protect the trees on the grounds and replace trees that have been removed.
Phase 1: a tree Inventory, completed in 2015, was also grant-funded. The inventory identified 40 species of trees of 563 trees inventoried with an average diameter of 20 inches. This does not include the forest on the periphery which averages 127 trees per acre. The inventory found that many of the trees had been poorly pruned and/or were diseased. It also determined many invasive species on the property, including English ivy and privet.
Work was completed in early 2017 on the tree maintenance plan for the burial ground. Phase 2 prioritizes high risk issues that could cause damage to existing markers. This phase involved the removal of dead and hazardous trees and trees with dead limbs, along with reducing the risk of dead limb failures. These projects will help to preserve some of the mature canopy throughout the grounds. To meet inventory recommendations, the invasive plants must also be removed so that native species will be allowed to thrive.
This urban forest is a vital asset to the Athens community. The management of the trees is essential to preserving this historic burial ground, as well as allowing for future interments, as it is still an active cemetery. New Urban Forestry is honored to be a part of the continued efforts to maintain this historic landmark.
For more information on The Oconee Hill Cemetery, please visit the official website or see Oconee Hill Cemetary of Athens, Georgia, Volume I, written by Charlotte Marshall. See the video for a more in depth look.
This preservation project has been financed in part with Federal funds from the National Park Service, U.S. Department of Interior, through the historic Preservation Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources. However, the contents, opinions, and recommendations expressed in this project do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Department of the Interior or the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, nor does the mention of trade names, commercial products or consultants constitute endorsement or recommendation by these agencies. This program receives Federal financial assistance for identification and protection of historic properties. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended, the U.S. Department of Interior prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, gender or disability in its federally assisted programs. If you believe you have been discriminated against in any program, activity , or facility as described above, or if you desire further information, please write to: Office for Equal opportunity, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20240.
Waste wood: Wood Arts Show
When we talk about urban forestry, we often focus on the best-practices management of our existing community trees. In addition, we are aware that our urban forests bring many environmental and economic benefits to cities, including: reduced air-conditioning expense, sunlight absorption and ultraviolet light reduction, air cooling, rainwater absorption and improved stormwater management, and improved biodiversity.
In short: urban forests improve the microclimate and air quality of our towns and cities.
Economic benefits associated with properly managed trees include increased land, property, and rental value. Well-maintained trees also encourage increased residential, commercial and public investments. There are also many social and medical benefits to consider.
What we often, however, forget to talk about when discussing the urban forest is the value of the wood from trees that are removed during sound urban forest management. What do we do with this “waste” wood? Much of it does become mulch and compost. But what other options exist? Is there something we can do with this wood that adds to, or retains, the value and beauty of the tree after it is removed? Something that may continue to benefit the community as well?
Timber and the timber industry have long been recognized as vitally important to the Southeast. Historically, our pine trees provided naval stores and products like turpentine and the wood for tall ship masts. Live oak wood provided curved timbers for framing the massive hulls of large ships. And the Southeast continues to be an important source of wood, lumber and wood pulp. But we are less recognized for what wood can be when transformed with the eye of an artist and the hand of a skilled craftsperson.
Urban wood, because of unique characteristics as a result of growth habits, accessibility to city artisans and furniture makers, and the relationship of the artist to an individual tree or place, is helping to revive wood art in the Southeast. Urban wood is both “reclaimed” (re-purposed from old buildings and structures) and “upcycled” (created from newly cut urban trees).
Wood works: An Art Exhibition, is a show that will display the work of more than 35 wood artists and craftspersons, including furniture makers, fine artists and wood turners. The show will run between Jan. 20 and Feb. 17 at the Oconee Cultural Arts Foundation (OCAF).
Though these artists and craftspersons will not utilize only urban wood, it does have a significant place as a medium, and even as a theme, in the work of some of the artists. Some of the furniture makers, for instance, strongly emphasize the materials. Don Bundrick, for example, builds furniture directly from branches, twigs and bark. Other craftspersons feature natural edge slabs or reclaimed lumber. Still others mix wood and metal, such as the “industrial” furniture of Jeff Walker.
Urban wood, as a result of a renewed interest in wood art and furniture in the Southeast — as as demonstrated in the show — will continue to gain importance and recognition. And as it does so, it will, like the trees in our urban forest, add value back to the community.
As the cooler fall weather moves in and changes our landscapes from summer green to shades of yellow, gold, and orange; you may begin to see one persistent pest that refuses to give up the green. In fact, it refuses to give up at all. Under the cloak of your trees’ leaves, mistletoe has found itself a home. Whether it be on the humble Hackberry or your prized Texas Red Oak, it has been growing—pulling its moisture from the host.
One of nature’s most harmful “bird gifts”, mistletoe seeds, move from one landscape to another looking for that perfect arboreal environment. The two and three year old wood on Cedar Elms and Hackberry trees are prime real estate, but a few other local species will do in a pinch. Once the location is right, the seed germinates and a strange, opportunistic root-like structure finds an opening in the bark and taps in to the tree’s vascular system. Mistletoe becomes a tree squatter, ready to take the neighborhood.